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Economics of education review 14건

  1. [해외논문]   Does the transition into daylight saving time affect students' performance?   SSCI

    Herber, Stefanie P. (University of Bamberg, Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences, Feldkirchenstr. 21, Bamberg 96052, Germany ) , Quis, Johanna Sophie (University of Bamberg, Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences, Feldkirchenstr. 21, Bamberg 96052, Germany ) , Heineck, Guido (Corresponding author.)
    Economics of education review v.61 ,pp. 130 - 139 , 2017 , 0272-7757 ,

    초록

    Abstract We use international assessment data on more than 22,000 students from six European countries to investigate whether the transition into daylight saving time affects elementary students’ performance in low-stakes tests in the week after the time change. Exploiting the time shift as a natural experiment, we find that the effect of changing the clock is very small in magnitude and not statistically significant in all three testing areas (math, science, and reading). Therefore, our results challenge the prevailing public opinion that daylight saving time should be abandoned because of its detrimental effects on schoolchildren’s performance. Highlights We examine whether the clock advance harms elementary school students’ performance. We use international student assessment data on more than 22,000 students. We run hierarchical linear models on test results before and after the time shift. We do not find significant performance reductions in the week after the clock change. The results cannot be explained by students’ young age or low levels of maturity.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   A question of degree: The effects of degree class on labor market outcomes   SSCI

    Feng, Andy (Singapore Ministry of Trade and Industry, 100 High Street, 179434 Singapore, Singapore ) , Graetz, Georg (Corresponding author at: Economics Department, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, 75120 Uppsala, Sweden.)
    Economics of education review v.61 ,pp. 140 - 161 , 2017 , 0272-7757 ,

    초록

    Abstract How does performance at university affect labor market outcomes? Employing a regression discontinuity design, we show that university degree class causally affects graduates’ industry, wages, and earnings. Our sample consists of students at the London School of Economics, and our data combine administrative records with the Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education survey. We estimate that receiving a First Class degree instead of an Upper Second increases the probability of working in a high-wage industry by fourteen percentage points, leads to three percent higher wages, and yields two percent higher annual salaries. For the comparison between Upper and Lower Seconds, the corresponding figures are ten, seven, and four. Effects are larger for males and graduates of math-intensive degree programs. We show that this is consistent with a model of statistical discrimination, in which employers attach more importance to the degree class signal if it is more informative about underlying ability. Highlights We estimate the causal effect of degree class on labor market outcomes. Our empirical strategy is a regression discontinuity design. We estimate positive effects on industry placement, wages, and earnings. We explain heterogeneous effects with a theory of statistical discrimination.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Books or laptops? The effect of shifting from printed to digital delivery of educational content on learning   SSCI

    Bando, Rosangela (Office of Strategic Planning and Development Effectiveness, Inter-American Development Bank, 1300 New York Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20577 USA ) , Gallego, Francisco (Pontificia Universidad Católica, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Macul, Santiago, Chile ) , Gertler, Paul (University of California, Haas School of Business, #1900, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ) , Fonseca, Dario Romero (Inter-American Development Bank, 1300 New York Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20577 USA)
    Economics of education review v.61 ,pp. 162 - 173 , 2017 , 0272-7757 ,

    초록

    Abstract Information and communication technologies can be used for educational purposes, but these devices may also pose as distractors that may tamper with the learning process. This paper presents results from a randomized controlled trial in which laptops replaced traditional textbook provision in elementary schools in high poverty communities in Honduras. We show that at the end of one school year, we fail to reject that there were no differences between laptop and textbook provision on mathematics and Spanish test scores and in non-academic outcomes related to coding and verbal fluency. Highlights Accessing reading resources are increasingly shifting from print to digital options that can be viewed on electronic devices, such as computers. Research studies have shown providing digital content on computers has lower marginal costs but higher fixed costs in comparison to textbooks. ICTs provide users with computational tools, information storage and communication opportunities, but may also pose as distractors. Using an RCT in elementary schools in Honduras, we show the substitution of laptops for textbooks did not make a significant difference in student learning. The substitution did not affect learning for mathematics and Spanish and non-academic outcomes related to coding and verbal fluency.

    원문보기

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Local signals and the returns to foreign education   SSCI

    Tani, Massimiliano
    Economics of education review v.61 ,pp. 174 - 190 , 2017 , 0272-7757 ,

    초록

    Abstract This paper studies whether assessing foreign education with its host country equivalent, as practised in Australia, raises migrants' returns to schooling. Using unawareness between degrees obtained abroad versus Australia as instrument for undertaking the assessment, I find substantial wage improvements when foreign qualifications are assessed in both cross-sectional and panel estimations. This result is not solely attributable to selection, as this would imply an unrealistic shift in the distribution of unobserved characteristics among assessed and not-assessed migrants. Adding a local signal to foreign education emerges as effective policy to improve the transferability of human capital and migrants' economic assimilation.

    원문보기

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

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