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Central European journal of urology 23건

  1. [해외논문]   The role of toll-like receptors (TLRs) in urinary tract infections (UTIs)  

    Behzadi, Elham , Behzadi, Payam
    Central European journal of urology v.69 no.4 ,pp. 404 - 410 , 2016 , 2080-4806 ,

    초록

    Introduction Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are caused by different types of microbial agents such as uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and Candida albicans. The presence of strong physical barriers may prevent the breach of pathogens into the urinary tract. However, sometimes the pathogenic microorganisms may pass through the barriers and stimulate the innate and adaptive responses. Among a variety of innate immune responses, Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) are one of the most unique and interesting molecules regarding UTIs. Thus, the authors have focused their attention on the role of TLRs in urinary tract defense against pathogenic microbial agents such as UPEC and C.albicans through this literature review. Material and methods Several papers regarding UTIs and TLRs including original and review articles were searched by PubMed and Google Scholar. They were studied and the most important aspects in association with the role of TLRs in UTIs were extracted. Additionally, this paper was prepared using the experience of the authors. Results The TLRs 2, 4 and 5 are the most functional molecules that contribute to urinary tract defense system and UTIs. It is incredible that TLRs are able to detect and recognize different parts of microbial components relating to the same pathogen. Besides, the flexibility of the TLR molecules may lead to identification of different types of microorganisms with different signaling pathways. Conclusions Our knowledge associated with TLRs and their activities against microbial causative agents of UTIs may help us to prevent, control and treat UTIs at a higher quality level.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

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  2. [해외논문]   Single vs. double layer suturing method repair of the urethral plate in the rabbit model of hypospadias  

    Shirazi, Mehdi (Department of Urology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran ) , Rahimi, Mohammad (Department of Urology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran ) , Noorafshan, Ali (Histomorphometry and Stereology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran)
    Central European journal of urology v.69 no.4 ,pp. 425 - 430 , 2016 , 2080-4806 ,

    초록

    Introduction There are different methods of urethroplasty in hypospadias. The present study aimed to compare the repair of the urethral plate by single vs. double layer suturing. Material and methods Fifteen male rabbits were assigned to the control, single layer, and double layer urethral plate suturing groups (n = 5). Experimental hypospadias was induced in the second and third groups and the urethral plates were sutured. After two weeks, the penis was dissected out and underwent histopathological processing. Stereological studies were applied to obtain quantitative histological data regarding the structure of the urethra and the related part of the corpus spongiosum. Results Volume density of the urethral epithelium (the fraction of unit volume of the urethra occupied by its epithelium) was higher in the single layer suturing group when compared to the double layer or control groups (p Conclusions Urethral plate repair by the single layer suturing method could be accompanied by higher epithelialization and wider lumen in the rabbit model of hypospadias.

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    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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  3. [해외논문]   Pregnancy and delivery in a patient with a Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder  

    Kołodziej, Anna (Urology and Urologic Oncology Department, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland ) , Krajewski, Wojciech (Urology and Urologic Oncology Department, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland ) , Tupikowski, Krzysztof (Urology and Urologic Oncology Department, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland ) , Małkiewicz, Bartosz (Urology and Urologic Oncology Department, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland ) , Dembowski, Janusz (Urology and Urologic Oncology Department, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland ) , Zimmer, Mariusz (2 Department and Clinic of Gynaecology, and Obstetrics, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland ) , Szydełko, Tomasz (Department of Palliative Care Nursing, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland ) , Zdrojowy, Romuald (Urology and Urologic Oncology Department, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland)
    Central European journal of urology v.69 no.4 ,pp. 431 - 433 , 2016 , 2080-4806 ,

    초록

    Pregnancies in patients after cystectomy with urinary diversion, especially after the construction of a continent urinary reservoir, are rare. Experience in this field is limited and mainly concerns patients with congenital disorders, neurogenic diseases or trauma. In this paper, we report the outcome of pregnancy, delivery and the postpartum period in a 27-year old woman with a Studer ileal orthotopic neobladder after radical cystectomy, performed after the diagnosis of a malignant tumor at the age of 14.

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    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

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