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Cancer discovery 48건

  1. [해외논문]   Distinct Epigenetic Mechanisms Distinguish TMPRSS2–ERG Fusion-Positive and -Negative Prostate Cancers   SCIE

    Alumkal, Joshi J. , Herman, James G.
    Cancer discovery v.2 no.11 ,pp. 979 - 981 , 2012 , 2159-8274 ,

    초록

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  2. [해외논문]   The promise of combining inhibition of PI3K and PARP as cancer therapy.  

    Rehman, Farah L ; Lord, Christopher J ; Ashworth, Alan
    Cancer discovery v.2 no.11 ,pp. 982 - 984 , 2012 , 2159-8274 ,

    초록

    Analyses of in vitro and patient-derived in vivo models of breast cancer reveal that a combination of inhibitors of the enzymes PARP and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is a potentially effective treatment regimen for breast cancer tumors with elevated activity of the PI3K pathway.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  3. [해외논문]   Measuring Oncogenic Signaling Pathways in Cancer with PET: An Emerging Paradigm from Studies in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer   SCIE

    Evans, Michael J.
    Cancer discovery v.2 no.11 ,pp. 985 - 994 , 2012 , 2159-8274 ,

    초록

    Analyses of in vitro and patient-derived in vivo models of breast cancer reveal that a combination of inhibitors of the enzymes PARP and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is a potentially effective treatment regimen for breast cancer tumors with elevated activity of the PI3K pathway.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  4. [해외논문]   Androgen receptor signaling in circulating tumor cells as a marker of hormonally responsive prostate cancer.  

    Miyamoto, David T ; Lee, Richard J ; Stott, Shannon L ; Ting, David T ; Wittner, Ben S ; Ulman, Matthew ; Smas, Malgorzata E ; Lord, Jenna B ; Brannigan, Brian W ; Trautwein, Julie ; Bander, Neil H ; Wu, Chin-Lee ; Sequist, Lecia V ; Smith, Matthew R ; Ramaswamy, Sridhar ; Toner, Mehmet ; Maheswaran, Shyamala ; Haber, Daniel A
    Cancer discovery v.2 no.11 ,pp. 995 - 1003 , 2012 , 2159-8274 ,

    초록

    Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is initially effective in treating metastatic prostate cancer, and secondary hormonal therapies are being tested to suppress androgen receptor (AR) reactivation in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Despite variable responses to AR pathway inhibitors in CRPC, there are no reliable biomarkers to guide their application. Here, we used microfluidic capture of circulating tumor cells (CTC) to measure AR signaling readouts before and after therapeutic interventions. Single-cell immunofluorescence analysis revealed predominantly "AR-on" CTC signatures in untreated patients, compared with heterogeneous ("AR-on, AR-off, and AR-mixed") CTC populations in patients with CRPC. Initiation of first-line ADT induced a profound switch from "AR-on" to "AR-off" CTCs, whereas secondary hormonal therapy in CRPC resulted in variable responses. Presence of "AR-mixed" CTCs and increasing "AR-on" cells despite treatment with abiraterone acetate were associated with an adverse treatment outcome. Measuring treatment-induced signaling responses within CTCs may help guide therapy in prostate cancer.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  5. [해외논문]   Integrative epigenomic analysis identifies biomarkers and therapeutic targets in adult B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia.  

    Geng, Huimin ; Brennan, Sarah ; Milne, Thomas A ; Chen, Wei-Yi ; Li, Yushan ; Hurtz, Christian ; Kweon, Soo-Mi ; Zickl, Lynette ; Shojaee, Seyedmehdi ; Neuberg, Donna ; Huang, Chuanxin ; Biswas, Debabrata ; Xin, Yuan ; Racevskis, Janis ; Ketterling, Rhett P ; Luger, Selina M ; Lazarus, Hillard ; Tallman, Martin S ; Rowe, Jacob M ; Litzow, Mark R ; Guzman, Monica L ; Allis, C David ; Roeder, Robert G ; M?schen, Markus ; Paietta, Elisabeth ; Elemento, Olivier ; Melnick, Ari M
    Cancer discovery v.2 no.11 ,pp. 1004 - 1023 , 2012 , 2159-8274 ,

    초록

    Genetic lesions such as BCR-ABL1, E2A-PBX1, and MLL rearrangements (MLLr) are associated with unfavorable outcomes in adult B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Leukemia oncoproteins may directly or indirectly disrupt cytosine methylation patterning to mediate the malignant phenotype. We postulated that DNA methylation signatures in these aggressive B-ALLs would point toward disease mechanisms and useful biomarkers and therapeutic targets. We therefore conducted DNA methylation and gene expression profiling on a cohort of 215 adult patients with B-ALL enrolled in a single phase III clinical trial (ECOG E2993) and normal control B cells. In BCR-ABL1-positive B-ALLs, aberrant cytosine methylation patterning centered around a cytokine network defined by hypomethylation and overexpression of IL2RA(CD25). The E2993 trial clinical data showed that CD25 expression was strongly associated with a poor outcome in patients with ALL regardless of BCR-ABL1 status, suggesting CD25 as a novel prognostic biomarker for risk stratification in B-ALLs. In E2A-PBX1-positive B-ALLs, aberrant DNA methylation patterning was strongly associated with direct fusion protein binding as shown by the E2A-PBX1 chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) sequencing (ChIP-seq), suggesting that E2A-PBX1 fusion protein directly remodels the epigenome to impose an aggressive B-ALL phenotype. MLLr B-ALL featured prominent cytosine hypomethylation, which was linked with MLL fusion protein binding, H3K79 dimethylation, and transcriptional upregulation, affecting a set of known and newly identified MLL fusion direct targets with oncogenic activity such as FLT3 and BCL6. Notably, BCL6 blockade or loss of function suppressed proliferation and survival of MLLr leukemia cells, suggesting BCL6-targeted therapy as a new therapeutic strategy for MLLr B-ALLs.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  6. [해외논문]   Genome-wide DNA methylation events in TMPRSS2-ERG fusion-negative prostate cancers implicate an EZH2-dependent mechanism with miR-26a hypermethylation.  

    B?rno, Stefan T ; Fischer, Axel ; Kerick, Martin ; F?lth, Maria ; Laible, Mark ; Brase, Jan C ; Kuner, Ruprecht ; Dahl, Andreas ; Grimm, Christina ; Sayanjali, Behnam ; Isau, Melanie ; R?hr, Christina ; Wunderlich, Andrea ; Timmermann, Bernd ; Claus, Rainer ; Plass, Christoph ; Graefen, Markus ; Simon, Ronald ; Demichelis, Francesca ; Rubin, Mark A ; Sauter, Guido ; Schlomm, Thorsten ; S?ltmann, Holger ; Lehrach, Hans ; Schweiger, Michal R
    Cancer discovery v.2 no.11 ,pp. 1024 - 1035 , 2012 , 2159-8274 ,

    초록

    Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men worldwide. Alterations in the DNA methylation pattern can be one of the leading causes for prostate cancer formation. This study is the first high-throughput sequencing study investigating genome-wide DNA methylation patterns in a large cohort of 51 tumor and 53 benign prostate samples using methylated DNA immunoprecipitation sequencing. Comparative analyses identified more than 147,000 cancer-associated epigenetic alterations. In addition, global methylation patterns show significant differences based on the TMPRSS2-ERG rearrangement status. We propose the hypermethylation of miR-26a as an alternative pathway of ERG rearrangement-independent EZH2 activation. The observed increase in differential methylation events in fusion-negative tumors can explain the tumorigenic process in the absence of genomic rearrangements.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  7. [해외논문]   PI3K inhibition impairs BRCA1/2 expression and sensitizes BRCA-proficient triple-negative breast cancer to PARP inhibition.  

    Ibrahim, Yasir H ; Garc?a-Garc?a, Celina ; Serra, Violeta ; He, Lei ; Torres-Lockhart, Kristine ; Prat, Aleix ; Anton, Pilar ; Cozar, Patricia ; Guzm?n, Marta ; Grueso, Judit ; Rodr?guez, Olga ; Calvo, Maria Teresa ; Aura, Claudia ; D?ez, Orland ; Rubio, Isabel T ; P?rez, Jos? ; Rod?n, Jordi ; Cort?s, Javier ; Ellisen, Leif W ; Scaltriti, Maurizio ; Baselga, Jos?
    Cancer discovery v.2 no.11 ,pp. 1036 - 1047 , 2012 , 2159-8274 ,

    초록

    PARP inhibitors are active in tumors with defects in DNA homologous recombination (HR) due to BRCA1/2 mutations. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway preserves HR steady state. We hypothesized that in BRCA-proficient triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), PI3K inhibition would result in HR impairment and subsequent sensitization to PARP inhibitors. We show in TNBC cells that PI3K inhibition leads to DNA damage, downregulation of BRCA1/2, gain in poly-ADP-ribosylation, and subsequent sensitization to PARP inhibition. In TNBC patient-derived primary tumor xenografts, dual PI3K and PARP inhibition with BKM120 and olaparib reduced the growth of tumors displaying BRCA1/2 downregulation following PI3K inhibition. PI3K-mediated BRCA downregulation was accompanied by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation. Overexpression of an active form of MEK1 resulted in ERK activation and downregulation of BRCA1, whereas the MEK inhibitor AZD6244 increased BRCA1/2 expression and reversed the effects of MEK1. We subsequently identified that the ETS1 transcription factor was involved in the ERK-dependent BRCA1/2 downregulation and that knockdown of ETS1 led to increased BRCA1/2 expression, limiting the sensitivity to combined BKM120 and olaparib in 3-dimensional culture.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지
  8. [해외논문]   Combining a PI3K Inhibitor with a PARP Inhibitor Provides an Effective Therapy for BRCA1-Related Breast Cancer   SCIE

    Juvekar, Ashish , Burga, Laura N. , Hu, Hai , Lunsford, Elaine P. , Ibrahim, Yasir H. , Balmañ , à , , Judith , Rajendran, Anbazhagan , Papa, Antonella , Spencer, Katherine , Lyssiotis, Costas A. , Nardella, Caterina , Pandolfi, Pier Paolo , Baselga, José , , Scully, Ralph , Asara, John M. , Cantley, Lewis C. , Wulf, Gerburg M.
    Cancer discovery v.2 no.11 ,pp. 1048 - 1063 , 2012 , 2159-8274 ,

    초록

    PARP inhibitors are active in tumors with defects in DNA homologous recombination (HR) due to BRCA1/2 mutations. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway preserves HR steady state. We hypothesized that in BRCA-proficient triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), PI3K inhibition would result in HR impairment and subsequent sensitization to PARP inhibitors. We show in TNBC cells that PI3K inhibition leads to DNA damage, downregulation of BRCA1/2, gain in poly-ADP-ribosylation, and subsequent sensitization to PARP inhibition. In TNBC patient-derived primary tumor xenografts, dual PI3K and PARP inhibition with BKM120 and olaparib reduced the growth of tumors displaying BRCA1/2 downregulation following PI3K inhibition. PI3K-mediated BRCA downregulation was accompanied by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation. Overexpression of an active form of MEK1 resulted in ERK activation and downregulation of BRCA1, whereas the MEK inhibitor AZD6244 increased BRCA1/2 expression and reversed the effects of MEK1. We subsequently identified that the ETS1 transcription factor was involved in the ERK-dependent BRCA1/2 downregulation and that knockdown of ETS1 led to increased BRCA1/2 expression, limiting the sensitivity to combined BKM120 and olaparib in 3-dimensional culture.

    원문보기

    원문보기
    무료다운로드 유료다운로드

    회원님의 원문열람 권한에 따라 열람이 불가능 할 수 있으며 권한이 없는 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 회원가입 및 유료구매가 필요할 수 있습니다.이동하는 사이트에서의 모든 정보이용은 NDSL과 무관합니다.

    NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 아래의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

    이미지

    Fig. 1 이미지

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