본문 바로가기
HOME> 보고서 > 보고서 검색상세

보고서 상세정보

이산화탄소의 메탄올 전환을 위한 N-Heterocyclic 카벤기를 포함한 다공성 유기 고분자 촉매 개발
Catalytic Conversion of Carbon Dioxide into Methanol Using Porous Covalent Organic Polymers Incorporating N-Heterocyclic Carbenes

  • 사업명

    한국과학기술원운영경비

  • 과제명

    이산화탄소의 메탄올 전환을 위한 'N-Heterocyclic' 카벤기를 포함한 다공성 유기 고분자 촉매 개발

  • 주관연구기관

    한국과학기술원
    Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

  • 보고서유형

    최종보고서

  • 발행국가

    대한민국

  • 언어

    대한민국

  • 발행년월

    2015-12

  • 과제시작년도

    2015

  • 주관부처

    미래창조과학부
    Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning

  • 등록번호

    TRKO201600002206

  • 과제고유번호

    1711032544

  • DB 구축일자

    2016-06-04

  • DOI

    https://doi.org/10.23000/TRKO201600002206

  • 초록 


    1. Research Purpose
    CO2 capture, separation and its conversion to fuels, i.e., hydrocarbons, methanol is a signific...

    1. Research Purpose
    CO2 capture, separation and its conversion to fuels, i.e., hydrocarbons, methanol is a significant challenge in both natural gas and synthesis gas industry. CO2 separation from natural gas is also an important problem for LNG technology, which is being one of most important industry in Korea. Efficient catalytic conversion of CO2 into methanol, which can easily be converted into hydrocarbons, will not only minimize its environmental impact, but will also lead to the efficient utilization of natural resources and contribute to the development of alternative energy resources in UAE (in line with Abu Dhabi 2030 vision) and in the world. The available technologies for this conversion remain inefficient, resulting in costly energy penalties. Porous solids offer reversible capture/release and safe operations at high temperatures, while retaining their structural integrity, and thermal and chemical stability, in addition to their gas selectivity. Most existing porous materials, however, suffer from water instability (e.g., metal-organic frameworks, MOFs), not to mention the inability to tune their structures (e.g., zeolites) or the lack of sustainable synthesis, owing to the use of rare earth catalysts (e.g., conjugated microporous polymers, CMPs). Recently, we have demonstrated the synthesis of robust, CO2-philic nanoporous polymers (NPs). These NPs have been shown to be highly porous and stable in boiling water for a week. In our research program, we will develop Nanoporous polymers incorporating N-heterocyclic carbene catalysts. CO2-philic character of the framework will allow selective sequestration of CO2 in a gas mixture, which will be followed by its transition metal free conversion into methanol under ambient conditions. Modularity of our approach will also allow incorporation of transition-metal based catalysts, e.g., Grubbs second-generation catalyst, Nickel-based and Fe-based catalysts into the framework. The metal chemical nature of the framework will dictate the catalytic application of cat-NPs. This joint research project will allow us to enhance existing collaboration with Dr Kyriaki Polychronopoulou at Khalifa University (KU) under the auspices of KUSTAR-KAIST institute. Dr. Kyriaki`s complementary research expertise on heterogeneous catalysis and surface chemistry has already contributed significantly to our research efforts for the development of cat-NPs for energy related applications. Some examples include, but not limited to low temperature water gas shift reaction, Fischer-Tropsch reaction and gas separation when CO2, CH4 and H2 are co-present in gas mixture separation selectivities at different temperatures will also be studied.
    Impact of Research: UAE has one of the highest CO2 emissions per capita in the world. On average, they emit ~6 times more CO2 than other countries. As part of the grand vision of building a sustainable future, UAE needs to curb excessive CO2 emissions, which mostly come from the natural gas production and conversion industries. Effectively capturing CO2 must always be accompanied with storage or conversion. In this matching fund project, we have developed new porous materials, which can selectively capture CO2 in a gas mixture and subsequently convert it into value-added products, which will certainly contribute carbon management in UAE, in the Middle East and in the world. In addition, using CO2 as a carbon source to produce value added products will not only reduce the CO2 emissions in UAE and Middle East, but it will also create new economy. Provided that we continue this project in the future, we also would like host students from UAE here at KAIST and train them so that they contribute their own country in the future.


    ...


  • 목차(Contents) 

    1. 표지 ... 1
    2. 2015 Matching Fund Project Final Report ... 2
    3. 1. Research Purpose ... 3
    4. 2. Research Target Using Progress Chart ... 4
    5. 3. Research Method ... 4
    6. 4. Resea...
    1. 표지 ... 1
    2. 2015 Matching Fund Project Final Report ... 2
    3. 1. Research Purpose ... 3
    4. 2. Research Target Using Progress Chart ... 4
    5. 3. Research Method ... 4
    6. 4. Research Results ... 9
    7. (1) Research achievements ... 9
    8. (2) Further research required ... 10
    9. 끝페이지 ... 10
  • 참고문헌

    1. 전체(0)
    2. 논문(0)
    3. 특허(0)
    4. 보고서(0)

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역